What does Stroke Rehabilitation Include?

At LV Physiotherapy, a comprehensive assessment is completed prior to initiating your Stroke Rehabilitation Program to determine your individual problems, goals and treatment plan.


Stroke Rehabilitation will include some or all of:

Stroke Rehabilitation

A stroke occurs when blood stops flowing to part of your brain. This causes brain cell damage that cannot be repaired. The effects of your stroke will depend on the area of the brain that was damaged and the severity of that damage.  

Over 400,000 Canadians are living with long-term disability from stroke. No one is ever prepared for this sudden and often catastrophic event. Recovery can be a long-term process for some people, ranging from months to years.


Stroke rehabilitation helps you to recover as many functional abilities as possible following a stroke. It also explores activities to keep life interesting and meaningful.


The brain is able to make up for functions lost in the damaged areas by reorganizing and rewiring itself, called “Neuroplasticity.” In order to make changes in your brain, you need to train it repeatedly with specific exercises and activities. Your physiotherapist can help you with this. Your personal dedication and willingness to work toward improvement will help you to gain the most benefit from rehabilitation.

  • Gait training: progressing walking by improving quality of gait pattern, endurance or decreased level of assistance required to help you walk. 

  • Neuro-Developmental Training (NDT) Techniques 

  • Range of Motion or Stretching exercises: your physiotherapist will use hands-on stretching techniques as well as give you the tools to continue stretching at home.

  • Functional Electrical Stimulation

  • Muscle strengthening and coordination exercises

  • Balance Re-training: from seated balance, standing balance or dynamic balance while walking or completing functional activities

  • Management of tone and spasticity

  • Pain management

  • Endurance Exercise

  • Patient education


Neuro-Developmental Treatment

The Neuro-Developmental Treatment (NDT) Approach was developed for the treatment of individuals with injuries, disease or disorders of the central nervous system. It is primarily used for adults who have had a stroke.


The NDT approach evolved from Karl and Berta Bobath’s ideas and blended modern day research. It is a hands-on approach where the therapist provides guidance in movement and optimizing function. Dynamic reciprocal interaction between the patient and therapist aims to activate sensorimotor processes, task performance and ultimately allow for participation in meaningful activities.


The techniques used by physiotherapists will continuously analyze their patient’s posture and movement patterns. They will use their hands to help encourage some movement and postures (facilitation) and discourage others (inhibition) while learning new motor skills. 

For more information visit the NDTA website: